Teaching methodology of language practice began to find its contemporary trends in the early twentieth century. In these decades some methods were introduced replacing and revitalizing the previous ones. Today, along with the development of curriculum and responding the learnersâ needs, some innovative methods which can be classified as learners-oriented, greatly appear in the practice of language teaching and learning. Each method of foreign language teaching has a set of assumptions which is derived from its underlying theory. There are two major theories underlying foreign language teaching methods i.e. the theory of language and the theory of learning. However, the primary aims of this paper is to describe the three major types of learning theory and to find out the teaching methods whose foundations are derived from the theories.
The learning theory is covered in three major types; behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism. There are some methods derived from behaviorism; Audio-lingual and Situational Language Teaching, cognitivism; Cognitive Code learning and constructivism; community language learning (CLL), Suggestopedia and Total Physical Response (TPR).
Key Words : Theory of Learning, Foreign Language Teaching Methods
Original title:Â Three Major Learning Theories Underlying Foreign Language Teaching Methods by Rofiudin
Presented inÂ Â an International Seminar “Creative Strategies for Teaching English”, Semarang, June 6thÂ 2009