Multicultural education is an approach to teaching and learning that is based on democratic values that affirm cultural pluralism within culturally diverse societies in an interdependent world. There are currently two viewpoints or perspectives of multicultural education in the United States, namely the assimilation or âmelting-potâ perspective and the pluralism or âglobalâ perspective. The assimilation perspective of multicultural education is that microcultures must give up their original culture and identities in order to blend in or become absorbed into the predominant Anglo-Western European culture. The global perspective is that microcultures can retain many of their traditions such as language, religion, and social customs while adopting many of the aspects of the predominant Anglo-Western culture. The global perspective of multicultural education recognizes cultural pluralism as an ideal and healthy state in any productive society and promotes equity and respect among the existing cultural groups. This principle allows the global perspective of multicultural education to extend beyond equity pedagogy as the only way to counteract problems that have been created by the assimilation perspective. With the rapidly increasing interconnections among all nations, particularly now, as we face global issues related to the ecosystem, nuclear weapons, terrorism, human rights, and scarce national resources, institutions of higher education need to embrace the global perspective of multicultural education if we are going to remain models of democratic societies in a pluralistic world and stay academically competitive in relation to the rest of the world. The purpose of this article is to explain the global perspective of multicultural education and how institutions of higher education can use it to remain models of academic excellence in pluralistic and democratic societies.
The original title of this abstract: Why multicultural education is more important in higher education now than ever: a global perspective
The writers: Gloria M. Ameny-Dixon and McNeese State University
I will also translate this abstract “Multicultural Education” to Bahasa Indonesia and publicly publish in this site.